It is the last day of April already, and the Kentucky Derby is tomorrow? Time flies!
Remember at the beginning of the year when the RESPA and GFE changes went into effect, but HUD told everyone that they would have a four month leniency period? That comes to an end today. Of course, few, if any, investors let that trickle down to their originator clients. After all, in the event some class action lawsuit arose, investors weren’t overly confident that HUD would send in a team of attorneys to help them. Yes, the official stance is that the staff of the Mortgagee Review Board (MRB) exercised restraint in enforcing new regulatory requirements under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) in considering an action against FHA-approved lenders who have demonstrated that they are making a “good faith” effort to comply with RESPA's new requirements. It seemed pretty subjective and too subjective for the large investors.
Also today is when the $8,000 tax credit for first-time home buyers and the $6,500 tax credit for repeat home buyers expires. Service members, however, who were on official extended duty outside of the United States for at least 90 days between Jan.1, 2009 and May 1, 2010, may qualify for a one-year extension. If a binding sales contract is signed by today, home buyers have until June 30, 2010 to complete the purchase – remember that investors are not guaranteeing any funding dates! DETAILS AND FAQ
There continues to be press regarding good news in the secondary markets for mortgages (the primary market, of course, being the interaction at the origination level). Wells Fargo recently issued a presser about absorbing Wachovia’s trading group and using it in building a team to package and trade mortgage-backed securities, similar to operations at BofA and Chase. The trading partners have diminished, and Wells is hoping to help their clients avoid reliance on the remaining “Wall Street” competitors and use Wells to structure and market securities for them while doing the same for Wells’ own mortgages. And of course the $222.4 million Redwood/Citi sale recently included jumbo creampuff mortgages, but it was definitely a very good step. READ MORE
For many in the mortgage business, May brings the upcoming National
Secondary Conference (in New York this year). Of course, as the number
of investors has diminished in recent years, Secondary Marketing folks
tend to scramble a little harder to fill up conference meeting
schedules. BofA, Chase, Citi, Wells, in alphabetical order, and then
there are the Flagstars, Franklin Americans, GMAC’s, SunTrusts, and
Union Banks of the world, along with some (hopefully) undiscovered
secret portfolio lenders like credit unions or the PennyMacs. Setting up
a meeting with the MI companies is always good for something, and you
may-as-well throw in Fannie and Freddie to see if selling directly to
them makes sense, and then round out the meeting schedule with a few
vendors, existing and potential. Good luck with those agendas!
Want to keep up on the USDA progress? HERE is H.R. 5017 and HERE is H.R. 5003
Viewed by many as having the least expensive fees, Fifth Third Bank told broker clients that it will be increasing the Wholesale Funding Fee on conventional and jumbo loans. “To ensure the GFE is consistent with the funding fee increase, the change is effective with conventional/jumbo loan registrations received on or after May 1, 2010, and with all loan applications received on or after May 17, 2010, regardless of the loan registration date. (FHA funding fees will remain the same.)” Fees range from $595 to $625 depending on the state. All loan officers should review their HUD’s, and make sure that line 801 includes the YSP and the outside fees and the YSP is then listed on a separate line. (One top originator told the story, “We just had one with a major lender the HUD was approved by an attorney and the lender. We never got a copy and no check – eight weeks’ work for nothing. They used the YSP to pay the buyers’ closing costs. The attorney listed the YSP, but they also offset it with a credit back to the buyer.”)
What is the “Carry Trade”, and why should unwinding it be a concern for originators? The low interest rate environment in the US, both overnight and long-term, has provided a big boost for the carry trade. This is the nickname for where large investors can borrow at very low rates, and leverage into higher yields, resulting in huge returns.
An investor can buy a $1 million bond yielding 5%, and earn $50,000 per year in interest. But in order to make the purchase, the investor puts up only 10% of $1M, or $100,000 in cash, and borrows the other $900,000 at the Fed Funds rate (.25%) + a 2% margin, for example - which would be a borrowing cost of 2.25% or $20,250. This investor receives a $50,000 return, but subtracts a $20,250 cost to borrow $900,000 - leaving them with a net return of $29,750. Remember, the investor needed only to invest 10% of the $1M purchase - or $100,000 in cash. This gives the investor a great 29.75% return on their investment. And of course, this "carry trade" can be used in other securities as well.
Of course when the Fed starts to raise overnight rates (“tightening”) this can cause that yield and income cushion to quickly evaporate. On top of that, if rates go up, yields go down, and the value of the bond goes down. This is why investors pay such close attention to the odds of the Fed raising Fed Funds. When the press release says that it will keep rates low for an "extended period" that helps institutions continue on with the carry trade.
Yesterday’s $32 billion 7-yr Treasury Note auction went well, with yields coming in about at market yields on a bid-to-cover ratio of 2.82 times the amount on offer, beating the long-run average of about 2.60. The news out of Greece didn’t seem to shake up the markets too much as that country readied severe austerity measures to secure a multi-billion euro aid package needed to avoid default, providing relief to financial markets but drawing threats of a battle from Greek unions. In shades of what we may see in other countries and maybe the US eventually, Greece may raise sales taxes, scrap salary bonuses amounting to two extra months of pay in the public sector and accept a three-year pay freeze.
For those watching the mortgage markets, yesterday was pretty quiet relative to Tuesday and Wednesday. Apparently supply (rate locks) dropped somewhat yesterday, and with lower volatility brought less buying and selling of mortgage-backed securities. A few ticks (32nds in price) here or there don’t matter much – one trader said trading was “half the flow and half the volatility of Wednesday”. For economic news today there are no auctions or policy speeches. At 8:30AM EST we had Real GDP. 1st Quarter Advance GDP number came in at +3.2%, less than expected, but +3.6% on consumption, stronger than expected. The 10-yr is yielding 3.692% and mortgage prices are about .25 improved. READ MORE ABOUT GDP. SEE CHARTS
The Psychiatrist and Proctologist
Two doctors, a psychiatrist and a proctologist, opened an office in a small town and put up a sign reading: "Dr. Smith and Dr. Jones: Hysterias and Posteriors."
The town council was not happy with the sign, so the doctors changed it to read, "Schizoids and Hemorrhoids."
This was not acceptable either, so in an effort to satisfy the council, they changed the sign to "Catatonics and High Colonics." No go.
Next, they tried "Manic Depressives and Anal Retentives." Thumbs down again.
Then came "Minds and Behinds." Still no good.
Another attempt resulted in "Lost Souls and Butt Holes."
So they tried "Analysis and Anal Cysts." Not a chance.
"Nuts and Butts?" No way.
"Freaks and Cheeks?" Still no go.
"Loons and Moons?" Forget it.
Almost at their wit's end, the doctors finally came up with:
"Dr. Smith and Dr. Jones, Odds and Ends."
Everyone loved it.