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Release Date: January 29,March 19, 2014
For immediate release
Information received since the Federal Open Market Committee met in December January indicates that growth in economic activity picked up slowed during the winter months, in recent quarters.part reflecting adverse weather conditions. Labor market indicators were mixed but on balance showed further improvement. The unemployment rate declined but rate, however, remains elevated. Household spending and business fixed investment advanced more quickly in recent months,continued to advance, while the recovery in the housing sector slowed somewhat.remained slow.
Fiscal policy is restraining economic growth, although the extent of
restraint is diminishing. Inflation has been running below the
Committee's longer-run objective, but longer-term inflation expectations
have remained stable.
Consistent with its statutory mandate, the Committee seeks to foster
maximum employment and price stability. The Committee expects that, with
appropriate policy accommodation, economic activity will expand at a
moderate pace and the unemployment rate labor market conditions will gradually decline continue to improve gradually, moving toward levels those
the Committee judges consistent with its dual mandate. The Committee
sees the risks to the outlook for the economy and the labor market as having become more
nearly balanced. The Committee recognizes that inflation persistently
below its 2 percent objective could pose risks to economic performance,
and it is monitoring inflation developments carefully for evidence that
inflation will move back toward its objective over the medium term.
Taking into account the extent of federal fiscal retrenchment since the inception of its current asset purchase program, the The Committee continues to see the improvement in economic activity and labor market conditions over currently judges that period as consistent with growing there is sufficient underlying strength in the broader economy.economy to support ongoing improvement in labor market conditions. In light of the cumulative progress toward maximum employment and the improvement in the outlook for labor market conditions,conditions since the inception of the current asset purchase program, the Committee decided to make a further measured reduction in the pace of its asset purchases. Beginning in February,April, the Committee will add to its holdings of agency mortgage-backed securities at a pace of $30$25 billion per month rather than $35$30 billion per month, and will add to its holdings of longer-term Treasury securities at a pace of $35$30 billion per month rather than $40$35
billion per month. The Committee is maintaining its existing policy of
reinvesting principal payments from its holdings of agency debt and
agency mortgage-backed securities in agency mortgage-backed securities
and of rolling over maturing Treasury securities at auction. The
Committee's sizable and still-increasing holdings of longer-term
securities should maintain downward pressure on longer-term interest
rates, support mortgage markets, and help to make broader financial
conditions more accommodative, which in turn should promote a stronger
economic recovery and help to ensure that inflation, over time, is at
the rate most consistent with the Committee's dual mandate.
The Committee will closely monitor incoming information on economic and
financial developments in coming months and will continue its purchases
of Treasury and agency mortgage-backed securities, and employ its other policy policy
tools as appropriate, until the outlook for the labor market has
improved substantially in a context of price stability. If incoming
information broadly supports the Committee's expectation of ongoing
improvement in labor market conditions and inflation moving back toward
its longer-run objective, the Committee will likely reduce the pace of
asset purchases in further measured steps at future meetings. However,
asset purchases are not on a preset course, and the Committee's
decisions about their pace will remain contingent on the Committee's
outlook for the labor market and inflation as well as its assessment of
the likely efficacy and costs of such purchases.
To support continued progress toward maximum employment and price
stability, the Committee today reaffirmed its view that a highly
accommodative stance of monetary policy will remain appropriate for
a considerable time after the asset purchase program ends and the
economic recovery strengthens. The Committee also reaffirmed its
expectation that remains appropriate. In determining how long to maintain the current exceptionally low0 to 1/4 percent target range for the federal funds rate of 0 to 1/4 percent will be appropriate at least as long as rate, the unemployment rate remains above 6-1/2 percent, inflation between one Committee will assess progress-both realized and expected-toward its objectives of maximum employment and two years ahead is projected to be no more than a half percentage point above the Committee's 2 percent longer-run goal, and longer-term inflation expectations continue to be well anchored. In determining how long to maintain inflation. This assessment will take into account a highly accommodative stance wide range of monetary policy, the Committee will also consider other information, including additional
measures of labor market conditions, indicators of inflation pressures
and inflation expectations, and readings on financial developments. The
Committee continues to anticipate, based on its assessment of these
factors, that it likely will be appropriate to maintain the current
target range for the federal funds rate well past the for a considerable time tha tafter the unemployment rate declines below 6-1/2 percent,asset purchase program ends, especially if projected inflation continues to run below the Committee's 2 percent longer-run goal. When goal, and provided that longer-term inflation expectations remain well anchored.
When the Committee decides to begin to remove policy
accommodation, it will take a balanced approach consistent with its
longer-run goals of maximum employment and inflation of 2 percent.
The Committee currently anticipates that, even after employment and
inflation are near mandate-consistent levels, economic conditions may,
for some time, warrant keeping the target federal funds rate below
levels the Committee views as normal in the longer run.
With the unemployment rate nearing 6-1/2 percent, the Committee has
updated its forward guidance. The change in the Committee's guidance
does not indicate any change in the Committee's policy intentions as set
forth in its recent statements.
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