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The Weather was Such a Big Deal, BLS Spent a lot of Time Talking About it
Posted to: Micro News
Friday, March 7, 2014 8:51 AM

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In the accompanying FAQ found HERE

How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?  

In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.  

In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,   employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. Slightly more   than 20 percent of all employees in the payroll survey sample have a weekly pay   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect of extreme weather on estimates of over-the-month change in employment.  

In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that  includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather.    Current and historical data are available on the  household survey's most   requested statistics page at

Section: "Employed - Nonagriculture industries, Bad weather, With a job not at work"

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Here's the kicker... From the heading: "Employment Level - Persons At Work 1-34 Hours, Noneconomic Reasons - Bad Weather, Nonagricultural Industries, Usually Work Fulltime"  (so these are folks who usually work full time, but didn't due to weather).

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Biggest weather-related disruption on labor market in this 10-yrs of record-keeping.

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