Two Bank of America Merrill Lynch (BAML) analysts are defending
what they call their big high conviction views for what should happen in the
housing world over the next two years.
Chris Flanagan and Gregory Fitter, ABS and MBS strategists say that
their views are not mainstream but that recent data has corroborated their
two contend that home price increases will continue to moderate from the
skyrocket trajectory they were on in late 2012 and early 2013 will peak in
mid-2016. Second, as unemployment continues to ease,
the yield curve will continue to flatten (longer term rates getting lower while shorter term rates get higher, relative to each other) and the spread between two year and 10
year treasury yields should be at zero by the time home prices peak. The long end of the curve will remain at
surprising low yields, fostered by a soft housing market and low inflation.
first "big view", that home prices will peak in two years is validated they say
by the most recent income based home price model from Case Shiller. Charts 1 and 2 includes the Case Shiller
historical and forecasted home price index (HPI) along with the BoA
strategists' estimate of fair value.
This model shows that the HPI will increase from the first quarter 2014
level of 155.5 to a peak of 167.3 in the third quarter of 2016. This is an annualized growth of 3 percent
over 30 months compared to 11 percent in 2013 and the 9.5 percent annualized
rate since prices bottomed in the fourth quarter of 2011. Then prices are
expected to decline and not recover to the 2016 level until Q2 2022, an
annualized rate of price growth over six years of 0. With this factored in, the annualized home
price growth rate between Q1 2014 and Q2 2022 is expected to be 1.0 percent.
authors estimate that the Case-Shiller HPI was already 9.7 percent over valued
in the first quarter of this year when compared to the author's fair value
estimate and that it was 6.2 percent undervalued when it hit bottom in 2011, a
16 percent swing in valuation in two
years. The last time such a rate
of acceleration was observed was in 2002, the beginning of the housing
bubble. The author's model projects that
prices will be overvalued by 12 percent late next year or early in 2016 and
this will eventually lead prices to fall, probably below fair value.
reversion to fair value mirrors what happened before, during, and after the
housing crisis, but at a lower level of reevaluation. During the early 2000s housing boom
overvaluation peaked in Q1 2006 at 58.9 percent before prices declined by 34
percent, overshooting fair value at the bottom end. It will be very different this time,
primarily due to the regulatory framework, most notably Dodd-Frank, which has
been put in place in response to that boom and bust. After peaking this time, they expect prices
to remain flat or unchanged for six years, not plummet as happened ten years
before; exactly what the regulatory framework was meant to do. "From
that perspective," they say, "0% home
price growth from 2016-2022 seems
to be a fantastic outcome and exactly what
policymakers had hoped for when establishing the new regulatory framework."
this scenario the authors ask what the catalyst might be for increasing
interest rates. If anything, they way,
even lower rates seem more plausible; "it
for us to see what
generates any meaningful, sustainable
increase in interest rate
The authors also cite the May CoreLogic report issued in early July as
further substantiation of their theory of slowing price growth. CoreLogic, with data more recent than that
provided by Case-Shiller, shows year-over-year (YOY) home price growth for May
of 8.8 percent, down 3 percentage points from February's 11.8 percent which the
authors believe will prove to be the cyclical peak. Annual growth of 11.5 percent had persisted
since early 2013. The decline from the
February "peak" started in March and accelerated to the downside in May.
Likewise, the annualized month-over-month (MOM) data slowed temporarily
after mortgage rates went up in mid-2013 from the 20 percent level early in the
year. While January and February 2014 were
exceptionally strong at rates of 26.0 and 16 percent respectively growth then began
to slow. MOM data for May showed an
increase of 1.7 percent following 2.4 percent in April. Flanagan and Fitter said that CoreLogic's
April and May readings suggest that their own model calling for a 3 percent
rate of price growth for 2.5 years followed by 1 percent for the next eight
years is beginning to be realized.
Their second view that massive yield curve flattening began with the
new year and will continue until the 2 and 10 year spreads hit zero in 2016 is
bolstered by the most recent unemployment report. Chart 4 shows their view of the relationship
between unemployment and the two yield curve spreads. The unemployment rate has been declining in a
fairly linear manner since the peak in October 2009. Extrapolating the decline forward, they
estimate that unemployment will hit 5 percent in 2015 and 4 percent in early
2017. Historically it has not been long
after unemployment drops below 5 percent that the 2 and 10 year spreads
approach or drop below zero.
The analysts concede Fed Chairperson Janet Yellen's concerns about
labor market slack could mean it will be different this time, but they hold to
their theory; that declining unemployment will force the Fed to act and those
zero rates will be obtained on the schedule they project.