30 Year Fixed
3.02%    -0.02
15 Year Fixed
2.53%    -0.02
10YR Treasury
0.69%    -0.0098
FNMA 30YR 3.5
105.34    -0.02
FNMA 15YR 2.5
104.97    -0.02
Mortgage Rates Vary Widely--Nothing To Do With The Fed
September 17, 2020

Yesterday's policy announcement from the Federal Reserve had a chance to cause significant volatility for the bond market and the bond market is the chief ingredient in the mortgage rate equation.  But this time around, the Fed didn't cause a measurable reaction in the mortgage market.  

I'm frequently asked whether mortgage rates are 0% since the Fed just kept rates at 0%.  People hear a headline on the news or a radio soundbyte mentioning the words "Fed, rate, zero," and then assume the Fed just made some change that dropped rates to zero percent.  After all why would there be so many news headlines about it if the Fed merely kept its policy rate unchanged?!

It's a fair question in that sense, but understand that the Fed's rate decision will always make the news, even if the rate is the same as it has been since March (and it is).  As such, if mortgage rates weren't 0% for the past 6 months, they wouldn't be zero now.  And in fact, they'll never be zero simply because the Fed Funds Rate is zero.  These are two entirely different rates that apply to vastly different amounts of time and types of transactions.

The Fed Funds Rates governs overnight transactions between large financial institutions.  Mortgage rates govern--well... mortgages!  The Fed actually buys mortgage-backed debt at the same price as the rest of the bond market.  Those prices are currently yielding rates around 3% in terms of top tier 30yr fixed loans.  In that sense, the Fed is indeed setting mortgage rates, just at the same levels as everyone else and without much change from the past few days.  

By far and away the biggest factor for recent rate movement has been the recently announced adverse market fee.  It caused rates to spike significantly in early August when it was first announced.  Rates then recovered when it was delayed several weeks ago.  And now that we've hit the time frame where lenders need to reimplement the fee, rates have spiked quickly, but only for those lenders.  As such, rates are significantly worse for some lenders compared to last Friday while others are slightly better.  Ultimately though, any lender making a loan for a conventional 30yr fixed refinance will have to account for this fee, and most of them will be doing that before the end of this month (a majority already have as of this week).

For the sake of comparison with the rates we discuss here, a rate of just over 3% for a lender WITH the adverse market fee is equivalent to a rate of 2.875% for a lender who has yet to reimplement the fee.

30 Year Fixed Rate Mortgage
15 Year Fixed Rate Mortgage
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Today's Rates
Best Execution
Rate Change
30 Yr FRM 3.02% -0.02
15 Yr FRM 2.53% -0.02
FHA 30 Year Fixed 2.38% -0.02
Jumbo 30 Year Fixed 3.50% +0.00
5/1 Yr ARM 2.79% +0.00
Average Mortgage Rates
Rate Points Change
FHFA *
15 Yr. Fixed 0.00% 0.00 +0.00
30 Yr. Fixed 0.00% 0.00 +0.00
MBA **
30 Yr. Fixed 3.07% 0.32 +0.00
15 Yr. Fixed 2.61% 0.35 -0.01
30 Yr. Jumbo 3.41% 0.27 +0.01
30 Yr. FHA 3.16% 0.35 +0.00
5/1 ARM 3.20% 0.58 +0.21
Freddie Mac **
30 Yr. Fixed 2.87% 0.80 +0.01
15 Yr. Fixed 2.35% 0.80 -0.02
1 Yr. ARM 2.68% 0.20 +0.01
5/1 Yr. ARM 2.96% 0.30 -0.15
* FHFA averages are updated monthly.
** Mortgage Bankers Association (each Wednesday) and Freddie Mac (each Thursday) averages are updated weekly.
Secondary Markets
MBS
Price Change
30YR UMBS 3.0 104.70 -0.02
30YR UMBS 3.5 105.34 -0.02
30YR GNMA 3.0 104.09 -0.02
30YR GNMA 3.5 104.64 -0.11
15YR UMBS 3.0 104.97 -0.02
15YR UMBS 2.5 104.44 -0.05
Treasuries
Yield Change
2 YR 0.1390% +0.0000
5 YR 0.2786% -0.0048
10 YR 0.6887% -0.0098
30 YR 1.4401% -0.0222
Prices as of: 9/17/2020 5:06PM EST
MBS and Treasury data provided by Thomson Reuters.
Mortgage News Daily and MBS Live! are exclusive re-distributors of Real Time Thomson Reuters Mortgage Information.
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About This Report
Mortgage News Daily is a trusted source of mortgage rate market data and analysis, with over 1 million readers each month. Unlike many rate surveys, our survey is conducted on a daily basis and is designed to bring you the most current and accurate rate data available.  We use a proprietary formula to calculate averages based on best-execution rates from top lender's rate sheets, also taking into account feedback from hundreds of mortgage market professionals around the country.